The Medusa ransomware gang has attacked Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Ltd. Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Ltd. is a company that has its roots in the Thapar Group, one of India's prominent industrial conglomerates. The Thapar Group has a long and illustrious history in various industries, including coal, steel, engineering, and textiles. Here's some information about Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Ltd. Medusa posted Karam Chand Thapar & Bros. (Coal Sales) Ltd to its data leak site on October 2nd but provided no further details. Medusa posted St Landry Parish School District to its data leak site on July 29th, threatening to publish a large amount of stolen data if the organization fails to pay a $1,000,000 ransom by August 8th. Medusa is a RaaS that made its debut in the summer of 2021 and has evolved to be one of the more active RaaS platforms in late 2022. The attackers restart infected machines in safe mode to avoid detection by security software as well preventing recovery by deleting local backups, disabling startup recovery options, and deleting shadow copies. Medusa ramped up attacks in the latter part of 2022 and have been one of the more active groups in the first quarter of 2023. Medusa typically demands ransoms in the millions of dollars which can vary depending on the target organization’s ability to pay. The Medusa RaaS platform (not to be confused with the operators of the earlier MedusaLocker ransomware) ransomware typically compromise victim networks through malicious email attachments (macros), torrent websites, or through malicious ad libraries. Medusa can terminate over 280 Windows services and processes without command line arguments, and there may be a Linux version as well, but it is unclear at this time. Medusa targets multiple industry verticals, especially healthcare and pharmaceutical companies, and organizations in the public sector. Medusa also employs a double extortion scheme where some data is exfiltrated prior to encryption, and they are not as generous with their affiliate attackers, only offering as much as 60% of the ransom if paid.
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