conti attacks Instituto Meteorológico Nacional and

Incident Date:

April 19, 2022

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conti attacks Instituto Meteorológico Nacional and


Instituto Meteorológico Nacional and




San Jose, Costa Rica

San Jose, Costa Rica

First Reported

April 19, 2022

Ransomware Attack on Instituto Meteorológico Nacional and

About the Victim

The Instituto Meteorológico Nacional (IMN) is a key meteorological institute in Costa Rica, tasked with providing weather forecasts and related services. As a part of the Government sector, it is inherently at a higher risk of ransomware attacks due to the critical nature of the data it processes and stores.

Vulnerabilities and Industry Standards

While specific vulnerabilities of the IMN and have not been detailed, the incident recalls a similar attack on the Croatian government by a hacker group through a spear-phishing campaign between February and April 2019. This historical context suggests potential exploitation of email security weaknesses or gaps in employee cybersecurity awareness within the targeted organizations.

Given the Government sector's high stakes, adhering to stringent cybersecurity practices is non-negotiable. This includes ensuring timely software updates, comprehensive employee training, the enforcement of strong password policies, and the establishment of a resilient disaster recovery framework to mitigate the repercussions of ransomware incidents.

Mitigating Ransomware Attacks

Organizations can fortify their defenses against ransomware through a multi-faceted cybersecurity strategy, encompassing:

  • Regular updates and patching of software
  • Cybersecurity awareness and training for employees
  • Enforcement of robust password policies
  • Implementation of multi-factor authentication
  • Consistent backups of essential data
  • Development of a comprehensive disaster recovery plan

The attack by the Conti ransomware group on the Instituto Meteorológico Nacional and underscores the critical need for heightened cybersecurity vigilance and preparedness, particularly within the Government sector.


Recent Ransomware Attacks

The Recent Ransomware Attacks (RRA) site acts as a watchtower, providing you with near real-time ransomware tracking of attacks, groups and their victims. Given threat actors’ overarching, lucrative success so far, ransomware attacks have become the most ubiquitous, and financially and informationally impactful cyber threat to businesses and organizations today.

The site’s data is generated based on hosting choices of real-world threat actors, and a handful of other trackers. While sanitization efforts have been taken, we cannot guarantee 100% accuracy of the data. Attack updates will be made as source data is reported by reputable sources. By viewing, accessing, or using RRA you acknowledge you are doing so at your own risk.